Participating in a variety of sports is fun and healthy for children and adults. However, it's critical that before you participate in any sport, you are aware of the precautions you can take to prevent injuries. Warming up, strengthening your muscles and cooling down after any type of exercise are excellent ways to help prevent sports injuries. Unfortunately, even when taking these and other precautions, injuries still occur.
Sprains and strains are arguably the most common injuries caused by participating in sports. A sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament, which is the connective tissue that joins bones together in your body. A strain is a stretch or tear of a muscle or tendon. Tendons connect your muscles to your bones.
Bursitis is an inflammation of a bursa sac. Bursa sacs are located between bone and skin. They allow the skin to slide over bony prominences in the body, such as the knee, shoulder, and elbow. When a bursa sac becomes irritated and inflamed, it causes pain and discomfort in the nearby joints. Tendonitis is an inflammation or irritation of a tendon.
The ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) is one of the four major ligaments critical to the stability of the knee joint. Its primary purpose is to restrain forward motion of the shinbone. An ACL injury occurs when this ligament is torn.